ǰλãҳ > ƮҶ >

һëţţȺ

2019-08-25 01:48 ƮҶ

صѽӽ˼Ҳϴ˯AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycantfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanizationsreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployeesrights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkersinnovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidentsbasicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereformsachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyusre-writefromCaiFangsopinionarticlepublishedonPeoplesDaily.̨Ա޾ӢԼݡԼԼλӦͬعҹڻĻ͹ķչĿ¹淶ʱչĻͳĻĿӰӾƬͬƸ˼ĻȾɫIJֲΣδĽΥṫĻͳĻĿӦغͱȨ˺ͻĿλĺϷȨάƽĿȨӦĿϢҵϢЧͨͬϿռγɹľ԰

йƾ߻ע⵽ͼ˾յֱ42.5%18.65%ȯ̷ʦʾڸ۹г־޴Ĺ˾ֵ50ԪС˾ջյĹ˾Ϊͼ˾ֵ500Ԫ˴İٳ100Ʒ8йڹϵ֮δ߳¥м۸µĿ

ʱ15,ʱ,ϾͿʼӲ,ʼקһЩ⡰ŻƳΪ˵˵ԻʵĿ޶ҲӰ촫Ը˵ȴһŵľϯίϢҰίɢ23

Dressedinelaboratecostumesandheadwear,WuOperaperformershaveupstagedcarshowmodelsattheChinaJinhuaNewEnergyVehicleExhibitionontheweekend.ThecityofJinhua,EastChina"sZhejiangprovince,isthebirthplaceofWuOpera,atraditionalregionaloperathatwasaddedtoChina"slistofnationalintangibleculturalheritagein2008.PlayingclassiccharactersinWuOpera,theunlikelyguestsposednexttothenewenergyvehicles,bringingtraditionandtechnologytogether.Morethan130newenergyvehicleenterprises,suchasBAICBJEV,SAICandBYD,tookpartintheexhibition.Ůӱйӿ״̬Щλ»ھôھʿŷ޵Ľݿ˶Ӻ͵¹ʤĿǰսΪ1ʤ4ֻսȫʧĵְ11λôսȫʤѹʿѡԺҼĻŲĿ¼ļϵѨƷʹԹؽ׼ԷҩɢھľͺϼҲΪ˴λĿ

SeniorDigitalEditorJobDescription:1.Reviewcopyandcorrecterrorsincontent,grammar,andpunctuation,followingprescribededitorialstyleandformatguidelines.2.Ensurethatallcopy,includingheadlines,summariesandgraphics,aresharp,currentandultra-cleanacrossallonlineplatforms,fromtheChinaDailywebsitetomobileapps.3.Buildandmanageanefficienteditorialprocessincludingtime-lines,qualitycontrol,photos,illustrationslayout.4.KeepabreastofthelatestdevelopmentsinChinaandfocusonemergingorhottopics.5.Helpbuildaudienceandreach,includingdevelopingstrategiestobestsharecontentonsocialmedia.6.WorkwithChineseeditorsandreportersonresearching,reportingandcraftingarticleswithaneyetowardoverallwritingfluency.7.ParticipateinshapingthevisionforChinaDailyWebsiteoperationsinacreative,ambitiousandopenenvironment.ؿͨϷղгԾչַ֧ǹвݷչҵģʽù㷺Ͽȫںƽ̨ϵͳҲ˲־೧ҵӲе

Ϊ˸õķ㶫ʡĿͻͬʱչڷչй㶫ֹ˾迪ҵ֮μӻıͬҵ͹㶫ʡҵһٿ˷չֻйԽڴٽִи᳤ƽ´бʾǿǷսԵҪرǡһһ·ǿӸάȴٽ߹ͨʩͨó׳ͨʽͨͨҵʿӢΪνֲϵ

˸һְʯǿǰ˸ʯǿߵ(CNN)22ձ鱨űʾ֤ʾ֯ѾԽըԵС͵ĵ豸2017-03-1615:22:20ʵ϶Ƶı仯ѾӰһ򵥵ӾںϵĵطͻŷһЩоŷԺĹ켣켣ϵƵĴСƵλԶ׼ı仯ȫӰʵĿǰǿѧ

йǹԺŰ칫Һ͹һϢ칫쵼йij淢ҵֹĹصվӢ1011İ淢Ϣ߱鼰ȫ200Һ͵ΪййʴϢҪֵָһ̶ͶµĸߵҪĿǰҹͶ˿ڴʸҪǿְҵѵǿʱͬʱӦ¸ڷԱپҵйõһֻ÷չĹģ֮ٶ֮ۻ

й½93ý干736۰̨35ý干137(9910̨28)67ý干209ὫýĹ㷺עȻֻƷϵĵһЩЧΪĦеչ˴ȥһֻҵ»ĦͨԾ˶ķоԱóһԼ򵥵ѧʽľ

DORTMUND,Germany-WorldchampionGermanyhostsEnglandinaprestigiousfriendlyhereonWednesday,withbothcoachesprimedtointroducesomebrightyoungprospectstooneofsoccer"sgreatrivalries.ButthatiswherethesimilaritiesendforJoachimLoewandGarethSouthgate,whoishelmingEnglandforthefirsttimeaspermanentmanager.SouthgatetakesoverwithEnglandatitslowestebbinrecentmemoryandwithdomesticexpectationsrock-bottom.Loew,whohasbeenatthehelmsince2006,needsonlytofine-tuneGermanyfordefenseofitscrownatnextyear"sWorldCupinRussia.LoewissettogiveadebuttomercurialforwardTimoWerner,21,whilegoalkeeperandcaptainManuelNeuerhasbeenruledoutwithacalfinjury.GermanyisalsowithouttheDortmundduoofwingerMarcoReusandattackingmidfielderMarioGoetze,theformerwithahamstringinjurywhileGoetzeisrecoveringfromametabolismdisorder.ThereisalsonoplaceforBayernMunich"sJeromeBoateng,thecentraldefenderwhoisregainingfitnessaftershouldersurgery.GermanyandEnglandhavewildlycontrastingrecordsatrecentmajortournaments,includingEuro2016,whereupstartIcelandhumiliatedEnglandwhiletheGermansmadethesemifinals.Still,Germanyischasingitsfirsthomewinsince1987overitsoldrivalandneedsnoremindingofthe5-1maulingittookinMunichin2001,whenMichaelOwensnipedahat-trick.ButSouthgate"ssquadisparticularlylightintheforwarddepartment,missingtheinjuredHarryKaneandDanielSturridgeanddroppingskipperWayneRooney.ThemanagerisdebutingJamesWard-Prowse,captainofEngland"sunder-21team,alongwith23-year-oldSouthamptonteammateNathanRedmond.SouthgatealsorecalledstrikerJermainDefoe,returningtothesquadat34.Defoeisanexception,asbothSouthgateandLoewwilltesttheiryounggunsbeforeWorldCupqualifiersonSunday,whenGermanyplaysAzerbaijaninBakuandEnglandhostsLithuania.DisappointedBothcountrieslooklikelockstoreachRussia,butEnglandhasconsistentlydisappointedwhenresultsreallymatter."Ifwewanttoreachourambitionsandgoalswehavetoplaytheseteamsandbeatthem,"Ward-ProwsesaidonMonday.ThiswillbeSouthgate"sfifthgameinchargeofEngland,buthisfirstsincebeingnamedpermanentmanagerinNovember.The46-year-oldoversawwinsoverMaltaandScotland,plusdrawswithSloveniaandSpain,ascaretakercoachfollowingSamAllardyce"sdepartureafterjustonegameduetoanewspapersting.Aformerdefender/midfielderforEngland,Southgateislookingtoaltertheteam"smindset."Iwasonateamthatmadeasemifinal(Euro96),andthathashappenedoncesince1990andtwicesince1966,"hesaid."That"smyjob,toanalyzewhathasn"tbeenrightandthenshowtheladsapathway."Ithinkweneedtobeprettybrutalaboutthewaywelookatit.I"mnotromanticaboutit.I"mjustfocusedonhowwewin."DannyRose(kneeligaments),JordanHenderson(bruisedfoot),MichailAntonio(hamstring),Kane(ankle)andSturridge(hip)aresidelinedwithinjuries.WhenEnglandandGermanylastmet,ayearago,Germanyracedintoa2-0leadongoalsbyToniKroosandMarioGomez.Kane,JamieVardyandEricDierthenscoredtosealEngland"scomeback.ThefriendlywillseeforwardLukasPodolski,whoretiredfrominternationalsoccerlastyear,makehis130thandfinalappearanceforGermany."FromanemotionalpointofviewWednesday"sgameisachancetosaygoodbyetoLukas,"saidstrikerThomasMueller."We"replayingathomeandit"llbesomethingveryspecialforhim."AgenceFrance-Presseڶ껹˴ʯӡ͸Ƕʯ鱦ձúΪνġΡԽֻ֮

ķԺʱθɲ˫֫ƣվΪչƱֻյԤƱϢ͵ľƵȯϢ20նԽ˱ص25Լʩѹ⳯в

ƷǵչܵĻӭǵijʹػԽԽοΪǿĻʵŲŶƺƴ

ǿСڹרĿڰ˸СкѺĶûרżйظ౨֤ʵлڵǰгΪЧڻŴƶҵƽȽչѽסŻݷȴ9ϵ95ܲ쵼ѡϳеľ߳ķмͷḻķо

й˾ֺҲƴ˾ֽ˱չʵͳһƶƶƶȽ뽻Ҳǡֹֺͯ¸ҵ־Ը

ٻٻͬ㽭һУĴӰҹΪҳ㷹1948굽Ȼ֮ǰһ10ͳǵ3DZ̨1˱ɱ1ܵɱ2˱()ʣµ3ǣɨֻһ̶Ժֻҵϸַչһ׶ԺȻԱ׼һͻֻƶնˣļʽ׼

52ܷ߱ʾҹڶоƣ8ʾdzܡ28ʾݱ˹˹ŸбըJapan"srulingandoppositionpartieshavedecidedtosummonYasunoriKagoike,headoftheOsaka-basededucationinstitutionMoritomoGakuen,toDiet,orJapan"sparliamenttoanswerquestionsonMarch23.KagoiketoldadelegationofDietmembersinOsakaonThursdaythathereceivedadonationfromPrimeMinisterShinzoAbetohelpbuildanelementaryschoolthatwasduetoopeninApril.Thelawmakersvisitedthesiteoftheschool,whichKagoikehasgivenupasithasbecomeembroiledinalandscandal.MoritomoGakuenwasfoundtohavepurchasedtheplotfromthetransportministryatadisproportionatelylargediscountpayinglessthanone-sixthoftheland"svalue.Oppositionlawmakersallegethatthegovernment,orevenelementsclosetoAbe,mayhavepressuredofficialstoawardMoritomoGakuenthefavorabledeal.Abe"swife,Akie,washonoraryprincipaloftheplannedelementaryschool,andshealsogaveaspeechatacontroversialprivatekindergartenrunbyMoritomoGakuen.ThekindergarteniscontroversialasitindoctrinatesitsyoungchargeswithslursagainstKoreansandChinese,andgetsthemtobowbeforeimagesofJapan"semperor,stamptheirfeettomilitarysongsandrecitethe1890"sImperialRescriptonEducationthatrequiredfilialpiety,brotherhoodandself-sacrifice.AbehastriedtodistancehimselffromKagoike.ButbothheandKagoikearemembersofNipponKaigi,orJapanConference,aradicalnationalistlobbygroup.Abeservesasits"specialadviser",andKagoikeheadsitsOsakabranch.NipponKaigi,isasmallgroup,withabout38,000fee-payingmembers.ButitisreshapingJapan"spoliticsasitsnetworkreachesquietly,deeplyintotheJapanesegovernment.Itsmembersincludenumerousstateandlocallawmakers,renownedacademicsandauthors,mediamoguls,leadingShintopriests,titansofindustry,high-rankingdiplomatsandmilitaryofficers.ThegroupisresentfulofJapan"sdefeatintheWorldWarII,advocatesforabandoninga"masochisticviewofJapanesehistory",deniestheatrocitiescommittedbyJapanduringthewarandchampionsanewConstitution.Ithaslaunchedacampaigntocollect10millionsignaturestoreviseJapan"sso-calledPeaceConstitution.NipponKaigistayedshadowyuntilabookonit,writtenbyfreelancejournalistTamotsuSugano,waspublishedin2016.Inthebook,whichbecameabestseller,SuganocallsNipponKaigithecountry"slargestnationalistlobbyandclaimsthatithasinfluenceontheAbeadministration.Inhisinvestigationofthegroup,healsofoundthateducationhasbeenapriorityfortheNipponKaigioverthepasttwodecades.MoritomoGakuen,forinstance,hasanambitiousplantoestablishnationalisteducationfacilitiesfrompreschooltohigherlearning.NipponKaigithrewapartycelebratingAbe"scabinetappointmentsin2013,as15outof18weremembersofthegroup.TheoldJapaneseimperial"RisingSun"flagwasflown,pledgesto"breakawayfromthepostwarregime"wereaffirmed,andtheimperialnationalanthemsung."Go,goPrimeMinisterAbe!We"rehappyyoupassedsecuritylegislationattheDiet!"thekidsagedbetween3and5atMoritomoGakuen"skindergartencalledout,referringtothecontroversiallawsrammedthroughtheDietin2015thathaveconsiderablyexpandedthelegalscopeofoverseasoperationsofJapan"sSelf-DefenseForces.TherulingLiberalDemocraticPartyhasapprovedarulechangetoallowpartyleaderstoserveuptothreeconsecutivethree-yearterms.ThemoveallowsAbetopotentiallystretchhistenurethrough2021.Ifhegetstheextratime,heislikelytodothatwhichNipponKaigiwillwanttodothemostrewriteJapan"sConstitution.TheauthorisChinaDailyTokyobureauchief.caihong@chinadaily.com.cn

ƼѧҰȫսоľרȺҲ߿Ƽձ캽ĸ˷ӦѶԼҪdzҹѿ˶DZͧ涯ĸΪ˶ĸ漰ܶؼһױװ񱦲һ̧˺ͷʯ63ҺӴ񣩣ҾƼμӰɽӴ

(α༭Ž)йƼתشĿڴݸϢĹ۵ԱǰδApplePayȷǷַ֧ϺгҵЭ鳤ٱʾ׮гı׼ÿһҪ䱸100ԱԹҪһÿһ50

ӨΪIJȡϸDzзͶʱٸʻѹɨɨ߷ڼɨ㽫ɷ100֦ʻջʻɨֽǮƷ2017-03-2010:14:00ܽñ׼ƶڹƹӦҹ̽׼еĻ߳ȥģʽ֪Ļ߳ȥܶһֱַ̽ʽ߳ȥҸ˵Ļ׼߳ȥǾб־Եһߵ˶ǰӮĻƼںϷչĹʻȨҹֻҵڹϵĺľҹֻӪƽ̨ĹӰ

⾭ҲýԼµְҵ˸εκмֵչ˺ܼӪ͹ɷԭҲܿھ͸ػũҵ2017ũƷȫרη꽫ص㿪չũҩ⾫ÿҩũʴٵ7רж

ӿ˿ɳ֮Ϊ߻ƶ̬ϵͳķչԭ⣺±Ⱥڵĸϰʵ˸ũijŵ80ĩ˵ٲҪ뷢ҵʿָA00΢ʹ綯ͻA»޹ϵ

321ߴ½ŵʮʦܿ˽⵽һƵĽܿͼ˹ҲԳڲԼͷȫ񹫵ɴĻȲ뵽ˡʮ塱ս˲ҵչ滮ıƹ

Żﱻץʱijڲһֻ֪ƷơƷ񡱵ĵˢʽķĸ׵ijϵϴCurrentlyonafour-nationtourofEurope,JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbeisseekingthesupportofEuropeancountriesinhisbidtogettheSouthChinaSeadisputesontheagendafortheG7summit,tobeheldinItalyinMay.GiventhatneitherJapannoranyEuropeancountriesaredirectlyinvolvedinthemaritimedisputesintheSouthChinaSea,Abeisshowinghisdesiretomeddleintheissueforhisownends.ThisisnotthefirsttimethatAbehastriedtohijacktheG7agendaandsoughttointernationalizetheSouthChinaSeadisputestoservehisulteriorpoliticalpurposes.AbehasbeenrelentlesslypushingtogetJapandeeplyinvolvedintheSouthChinaSeadisputestojustifyhiscountry"sbiggermilitarypresenceintheinternationalarena.DaysbeforeAbeembarkedonhisEuropeantour,itwasreportedthatJapanwilldispatchtheIzumo-classhelicoptercarrier,itslargestwarship,totheSouthChinaSea.The249-metervesselisduetomakestopsinSingapore,Indonesia,thePhilippinesandSriLankabeforeparticipatinginajointnavalexercisewithIndianandUSnavalvesselsintheIndianOceaninJuly.ThiswillbeJapan"sbiggestshowofnavalforceintheregionsinceWorldWarII.Foracountrythathasneversincerelyowneduptoitsmilitaristpast,suchanopenandhigh-profiledisplayofforceisitselfalarming,withoutmentioningitsintendedpurposeofmeddlinginthesovereigntydisputestowhichitisnotaparty.Japan"sinterferencecomesatatimewhentheSouthChinaSeadisputeshaveshownclearsignsofabatingthankstotherecenteffortsofthepartiesdirectlyinvolved,andwhenChinaisnegotiatingaframeworkforacodeofconductwithSoutheastAsiancountries,whichwillpavethewayforbuildingpeaceandstabilityinthewaters.Abe"smeddlingintheissue,atthisimportantstage,laysbarehisintentionofplayinguptheissueandcreatingtroubleforChina.Andhewillnodoubtwanttokeephypinguptheissuetodistracttheattentionofthoseathomefromthelandscandalinwhichheandhiswifehavebecomeembroiled.YetwhileitmaysuitAbetoplayuptheSouthChinaSeaissue,heshouldbeawarethemorehedoes,themorepeopleintheregionwillnotdeemJapantobearesponsiblecountry,animageJapanhastoestablishinthefirstplaceifitwantstobetreatedasanormalcountry.

2ַϿұ200ͭΣ˽ΪŽֹож˽2ֻͭұ200ͭ200ͭǸұӹӹڹѾұõijƷͭͶ¯ٴܷרйҽѧѧӪʳƷȫֻḱ᳤ܴ裩Atsixyearsold,ZhangBaolanstartedlearningtheartofcottonwooldrawingfromhergrandmotherandmother,whowerebothenthusiasticaboutpapercuttingsandfabricart."ThecottonwooldrawingsmadebymygrandmaandmotherwerequitesimpleandIstartedtomakeitmoreelegantandelaboratefrom1986whenmydaughterswenttouniversitiesandIhadmoretimetoworkontheart,"Zhangsaid.Nowthe69-year-old"scottonwooldrawingsarequitepopularoverseasandshehasbeeninvitedtoholdexhibitionsinseveralcountriesandregions.ManyofherartworksarecollectedbyartinstitutionsorprivatecollectorsintheUnitedStates,Germany,France,Singapore,HongKongandTaiwan.EventheformerUSpresidentBillClintoncollectedoneofhercottonwooldrawingsduringastatevisittoChinain1998.

ԴసԺָ17ŲҪأ߳ŵ߳ûʹûά޹³߹ϵʹûά޹߲֤и֪ҵõϿɵթ2ַϿұ200ͭΣ󡡡˽ΪŽֹож˽2ֻͭұ200ͭ200ͭǸұӹӹڹѾұõijƷͭͶ¯ٴAnexhibitionthemedonwomen"slivesduringtheHan(206BC-220AD)andTang(618-907)dynastiesisongoingattheTianjinMuseum,whichisshowingnearly100piecesofexquisiteculturalrelics.Ancientpotteryfigurinesrelatingtofemales,aswellasgold,silverandjadeitemsandbronzemirrorsareonexhibit.Theexhibitionfeaturesthefirstfemale-themedshowintheTianjinMuseumanditispresentedincollaborationwiththeXi"anMuseum.Itrevealsthefashionablelifeofwomenintheancientcapital,Chang"an,throughclothing,makeup,scenesoffeasting,musicanddance.TheexhibitionwillrunthroughMay4.

ԴģʽӴﱣλԲݺﱣλΪѧξƷ·ҦáҰ1ͻҰ2齣ƷUCCAġݡĹռвͬĶƼĿγĶ뽻ijTheinitiativecanbeatruly"gamechanging"proposalprovideditisabletofostertrustandconfidenceamongmemberstates.Theinitiativeshouldgobeyondbilateralprojecttransactionstopromoteregionalandmultilateralpolicyframeworksandsustainability.ItistruethattheinitiativewillgeneratemutualbenefitsforChinaanditspartners.However,theeconomic,socialandenvironmentalcostsandbenefitsvaryacrosscorridors,dependingontheterrain,stateofdevelopment,productivecapacitiesandtrafficflows.Researchhasshownthatinitiativecorridorswillentailhigherbenefitsifpartnercountrieslowercrossbordertransactioncostsandimporttariffs.Forinstancea30percentdeclineinbothofthesewouldgenerateeconomicgainsof1.8percentgrowthinGDPforChinaandanywherefrom5.3to16.9percentGDPforotherparticipatingmembercountries.Improvingthequalityofinfrastructureincountrieswithlessefficienttraderegimesandborderadministrationmayresultinonlylimitedexportgains.Ouranalysissuggeststhata1percentimprovementintradefacilitationprocedures,qualityoftransportinfrastructureandinformationandcommunicationtechnologywilldeliver1.5,0.7and1.4percentincreasesinexports,respectively.Gainsarehigherforcorridorswheretradeagreementsmayalreadyexist.Withnearlytwo-thirdsofinitiativecountriesfacingenergydeficits,theinitiativeneedstocomplementandsupplementthesubregionalenergyconnectivityinitiatives.Thereismuchscopetodeveloppowergrids,promotesmart,greenandintegratedpowerandgasmarkets,harnesscross-bordergasandoilpipelinesfromresourcerichCentralAsiatoSouthandEastAsia.DrawingontheinitiativesoftheStateGridCorporationofChinaandtheGlobalEnergyInterconnectionDevelopmentCooperationOrganizationtopromoteglobalenergyinterconnectionscanenhancetheregion"senergysecurityandadvancesustainableenergyaccess.ItisalsoevidentthatICThastobeanessentialfoundationfortheinitiativeasitcanharnesscrosssectoralsynergies.E-resilienceofICTcanbeenhancedthroughincreasingdiversifiedandredundantfiberopticcables,raisingbandwidth,developingnationalICTinfrastructure,andloweringfixed-broadbandpricesasapercentageofpercapitagrossnationalincome.Theseactionscanhelpdevelopuniformqualityofservicesbetweenendpointswhichwillfacilitatetrafficdelivery,ensurelowtransitcosts,andefficientInternettrafficmanagementusingInternetexchangepoints.Whilethesocialbenefitsofsomecorridorsarehigh,thereisneedtoadoptmoreinclusiveapproachestocopewithsocialrisks.Forexample,connectingtheinitiativetoremoteareaswithnewmulti-countrycorridorswouldenableruralindustrializationandhelpnarrowurban-ruralgaps.ItisthereforeimportantthatsynergiesandcomplementaritiesbetweentheobjectivesoftheinitiativeandtheSDGscanhelpcreateawin-winsolution,particularlyasregionalcooperationandintegrationwillfacilitaterealizationoftransboundarygoals.Theinitiativewithitsunprecedentedambitionandscaleentailsenormouscomplexitiesandchallenges;however,itoffersphenomenalopportunitiestoputAsiaonawell-balancedgrowthandsustainabledevelopmentpath.Theauthorisanunder-secretary-generaloftheUnitedNationsandtheexecutivesecretaryoftheEconomicandSocialCommissionforAsiaandthePacific.

ͺΪ001Aĵڶйĸ2017깤0022021깤ˮﵽ8.52017-03-2010:53:57ֻƶնˣʱ׼ͨΪһʼǺҪһϵеı׼ȡΪʱ׼׼ҪĻҵʱ׼ȺĽ׼𲽵ͬʱѾڿǺһϵĻҵ豸ݵı׼ȺĽ洦ɼںѧСȥͨijվһź׶ɽĻƱַɻ

˽Ϊ˴ﵽƭȡʽIJĿֶϧΣȫΣ˽뾳ȫǿȥĽȥھתƻƸĸƶ淢Ҫ

΢Ž͸
2019ȫ΢Ž͸ վѷ΢Ž͸ ĵá΢Ž͸ ͨ׶ רҵ֪ʶṩ΢Ž͸ ˾۸а񡣿΢Ž͸Ѵ˾.......
  • 163ʴ
  • վ
  • Ƽ